Shaheed Minar

Shaheed Minar – Cloud Kissing Monument

Shaheed Minar, Kolkata, heritage of kolkata
Shaheed Minar in the evening sky.

Before starting the blog about Shaheed Minar – Cloud Kissing Monument, first make it a point what the word SHAHEED signifies …Shaheed, both Bengali and Hindi term, means the soldier or revolutionist who really love their motherland, can sacrifice their life with a smile on their face, that soldiers are honored as Shaheed…Shaheed for the country..

Now introducing a brief history about Shaheed Minar…

Shaheed Minar, Kolkata, heritage of kolkata
Balck & White Shaheed Minar, Kolkata

Shaheed Minar, one of the iconic monument of Kolkata, which has a height of 48mtr stands with pride face up towards the sky from the year 1828, formerly known as the Ochterlony Monument, was constructed in the honor of Major-general Sir David Ochterlony, commander of the British East India Company, to memorialize both his successful defense of Delhi against the Marathas in 1804 and the victory of the East India Company’s armed forces over the Gurkhas in the Anglo-Nepalese War. J.P. Parker designed the structure.

In August 1969, United Front Government again rededicated the monument as “SHAHEED MINAR” in the honor of the patriotism freedom fighters who gave their lives to make independent India from British Raj.

Samuel Langhorne Clemens who better known by his pen name Mark Twain, was an American writer, entitled “Shaheed Minar” as the “Cloud Kissing Monument” with total count of 218 steps till the top of the Minar, having Egyptian Style foundation base.

Now a day’s Government restricted common people to go up on the monument. The last persons who went up there was former governor Gopal Krishna Gandhi and his family.

Shaheed Minar, Kolkata, heritage of kolkata
Shaheed Minar, Kolkata

Furthermore, the real beauty of the Minar gets bloom both in day and night time…both have significance beauty…

Shaheed Minar, Kolkata, heritage of kolkata
The gate of Shaheed Minar

In daytime one can witness the magnificent architecture of Shaheed Minar with the windows goes up in a spiral design along with the 4 sides of the base of the Minar, 3 sides of which, designed by circular Corinthian leaf garland and the entrance gate in the north, made of Iron, emblem with the wings of two Eagle which signifies the strength of soldiers who can bears all the hurdles with their arms open to protect the motherland.

Shaheed Minar, Kolkata, heritage of kolkata
Wings of two Eagles


Shaheed Minar, Kolkata, heritage of kolkata
Shaheed Minar, Kolkata (postage stamp india-asia)

The monument made up of three types of architecture… the base of the Shaheed Minar, made following Egyptian Architecture, followed by the great pillar follows Syrian Design and the dome at the top followed the designer of Turkish Ottoman architecture. Additionally, it has two balconies at the top from where one can mesmerize the eternal panoramic beauty of Kolkata City which remains as a lifetime achievement for one.

Not to mention in the night monument starts glowing in different colors which definitely grab the attention of all the visitors.

Interesting Fact:

  • On one side of the base of the great column, a white circular marble disc is embedded. On marble disc, an inscription is written “Sir David Ochterlony, Baronet, Grand Cross of the Military
    Shaheed Minar, Kolkata, heritage of kolkata
    Shaheed Minar, Kolkata

    Order of the Bath, Major General in the Army of Bengal, died at Meerut on the 15th July 1825. The people of Bengal, natives, and European, to commemorate his services as a statesman and a soldier, have in grateful admiration raised this column.”

  • The first convocation, held in Shaheed Minar under the leadership of Kabiguru Rabindranath Tagore to condemn the killing of a youth in Hijli by the British in 1931.
  • Mackintosh Burn Ltd was the contractor.

How to go:

The Shaheed Minar, situated in the middle of the city, Esplanade. Metro is the best route to travel.

Nearest Metro station is Esplanade Metro Station.


Open 24 hours.

Tourist Corner:

  • For permission contact the office of the assistant commissioner of police
  • Should carry a photo ID and address proof and a photocopy of each. Apply for permission a day or two ahead of the day of your visit date. Foreign visitors need a document from their hotel/guesthouse and passport photocopy.
  • Carry a powerful torch or flashlight and water and wear comfortable shoes.
  • Cameras not allowed inside.
  • Moreover without fitness test, one cannot get the permission.

32 thoughts on “Shaheed Minar

  1. What a beautiful monument, such beauty and inspiration. I am so glad the world is full of things like this to discover <3

  2. Great piece of information.. i always wanted to visit india i know it’s famous for it’s monuments and architectural heritage .. in love with the place the way you described it

    1. The tourist can go up. but for that the permission is required. We will try to get the permission. If we can we will surely made a different blog about our experience. Stay with us. Thank you..:)

  3. I love how you add history and best ways to get to the places you visit. That is so helpful to someone who is planning on going! I always like see what you are up to next!

  4. Wow, I’ve never heard about this monument before but it absolutely looks beautiful <3 And what an appropriate name too!

  5. Without a fitness test, someone doesn’t get permission?? Wow. Regardless, the architecture on this place is absolutely beautiful! Would love to see one day!

  6. Wow, Calcutta still has so much of history. I always wanted wondered which places I should visit, when I am there. Now I have a whole list, thanks to your wonderful blog.

  7. After reading your blog it makes me want to visit India and learn all about it’s culture and heritage. Keep up the good work, love your post!

  8. Hiya, I am really glad I have found this info. Today bloggers publish only about gossips and internet and this is actually irritating. A good web site with exciting content, that’s what I need. Thanks for keeping this website, I’ll be visiting it. Do you do newsletters? Can’t find it.

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